When the subject of a research paper is criminal law, it can be difficult to know where to start. A research paper on this topic has many subtopics that are all equally important. The first step in creating a criminal law research paper is deciding what area of law to focus on. There are many areas of criminal law, each with its own set of issues and arguments. One very popular area of study is international criminal law, which focuses on the laws made by the United Nations for crimes against humanity. Another popular choice for a criminal law research paper is crime and common morality, which discusses whether criminals should be held morally accountable for their actions if they were unaware that they were committing a crime. 

Types of Crimes

The first step is to choose a topic that interests you. There are many types of crimes, including theft, homicide, robbery and assault. Another important thing to consider is the research question for your paper. This can be answered by one of the following questions: What are the differences between crimes? How have laws changed over time? Why do people commit crimes? The next step in writing your research paper is to find sources that will help answer your research question. 

Theories of Punishment

The theories of punishment are a set of guidelines that have been put in place by society to determine how an offender should be punished for their crime. There are many theories on the subject, but one of the most influential is the utilitarian theory. This theory states that the objective of punishment is to reduce future criminality and so it should be proportional to the seriousness of the crime committed. The more serious the offense, the more severe its punishment should be. 


The punishment for a criminal offense is the sentence or other disposition, such as probation, which the court imposes on the offender. Punishment can include imprisonment, a fine, loss of driving license, community service and in extreme cases capital punishment. The most common form of punishment is imprisonment. In some countries this includes corporal punishment such as whipping. Imprisonment for an extended period is usually called penal servitude or simply prison; while imprisonment for a specific term is normally called jail time or time served. In many jurisdictions there are gradations of punishments according to the seriousness of the crime and its consequences: murder may be punished by death, while theft may result in a short prison sentence. 

Theories of Crime Prevention

Theories of Crime Prevention Crime rates have been increasing in the United States at a steady rate for decades, with no end in sight. Criminologists and sociologists have been trying to figure out what has caused this. One theory is that as society’s values change, crime rates will as well. Other theories focus on whether there are enough laws to prevent crime, the nature of these laws, and how they are enforced by law enforcement officials. This blog post will explore some of these theories and offer insight into which one might be the most accurate explanation for why crime rates keep going up. 

The Elements of a Crime

The elements of a crime are the things that must be present for someone to be charged with committing a crime. The three major categories are actus reus, mens rea, and concurrence. Acts Zeus is the physical element of the crime. It is an action or an omission that constitutes the criminal offense. The most common example of this is murder which requires one to kill another person. The act does not need to be intentional in order to constitute an offense, but it does need to have been committed voluntarily and without justification or excuse. Men REA refers to the mental element of a crime which includes both intention and knowledge as well as other states such as recklessness or negligence.

Defenses to Crimes

The following are a list of defenses to crimes: Self-defense is a defense to a crime if the person acted without first provoking the other person and had a reasonable belief that they were in imminent danger. Self-defense is not available as a defense if the person provoked or struck the other person first, unless it was necessary for them to do so in order to protect themselves from death or serious bodily injury. For example, someone who strikes another person on their head with a baseball bat would be guilty of assault with a deadly weapon, whereas someone who does so in self-defense would likely be found innocent because they had no choice but to strike first.